derk̂-

derk̂-
    derk̂-
    English meaning: to look
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “blicken”
    Note: punctual, wherefore in O.Ind. and intrinsic in Ir. linked suppletively with a cursive present other root Root derk-̂ : to look derived from Root ĝher-3 und ĝherǝ-, ĝhrē- : to shine, shimmer + zero grade of Root okʷ- : to see; eye
    Material: O.Ind. [present is páśyati] perf. dadárśa “have seen”, Aor. adarśat, adrükṣ īt (ádrük), participle dr̥ṣṭá-, kaus. darśáyati “make see”; Av. darǝs- “ behold “, perf. düdarǝsa , participle dǝrǝšta-; O.Ind. dṛ́ś- f. ‘sight”, ahardŕ̥ś- “ looking day “, upa-dŕ̥ś- f. ‘sight”, dŕ̥ṣṭi- f. ‘sight”, Av. aibīdǝrǝšti- ds. (gen. sg. darštōiš), O.Ind. darśatá- “visible, respectable “, Av. darǝsa- m. ‘sight, gaze, look”; common O.Ind. ĝh- > kṣ- phonetic mutation Gk. δέρκομαι “ look, keep the eyes open, be alive”, δέδορκα, ἔδρακον, δέρξις “vision” (with a changed lengthened grade compared with O.Ind. dr̥šṭi-), δέργμα ‘sight”, δεργμός “look, gaze”, δυσ-δέρκετος “heavy to behold” (= O.Ind. darc̨ata-), ὑπόδρα adv. “one looking up from below” (*-δρακ = O.Ind. dr̥c̨-, or from *-δρακ-τ), δράκος n. “eye”, δράκων, -οντος “dragon, snake” (from banishing, paralyzing look), fem. δράκαινα; Alb. dritë “light” (*dr̥k-tü);
    Note: According to Alb. phonetic laws Alb. dritë “light” derived from (dr̥ik-a) not (*dr̥k-tü) because of the common Alb. -k- > -th- phonetic mutations, -të common Alb. suffix; maybe Alb. (*darc̨ata-), darkë ‘supper, evening meal, evening”; (*drech-), drekë “dinner meal, midday”: O.Ir. an-dracht “ loathsome, dark”. after Bonfante (RIGI. 19, 174) here Umbr. terkantur “ seen, discerned, perceived “ (d. h. “ shall be seen, discerned, perceived “); O.Ir. [present ad-cīu] ad-con-darc “have seen” (etc, s. Pedersen KG. II 487 f.; present adrodarcar “can be seen”), derc “eye”, air-dirc “illustrious”, Bret. derc”h ‘sight”, O.Bret. erderc “evidentis”, zero grade Ir. drech f. (*dr̥k̂ü) “face”, Welsh drych m. (*dr̥ksos) ‘sight, mirror”, Welsh drem, trem, Bret. dremm “face” (*dr̥k̂-smü), O.Ir. an-dracht “ loathsome, dark” (an- neg. + *drecht = Alb. dritë); Goth. ga-tarhjan “ make distinct “ (= O.Ind. darśayati); Gmc. *torʒa- ‘sight” (== O.Ind. dr̥ś- ) in Nor. PN Torget, Torghatten etc, IE to- suffix in Gmc. *turhta- : O.E. torht, O.S. toroht, O.H.G. zoraht, newer zorft “bright, distinct”.
    References: WP. I 806 f.
    See also: Perhaps with der(ep)- (above S. 212) remote, distant related.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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